China's demand for commodities well outstrips its relative population and the size of its economy as shown in this 100% stacked bar chart. China consumed over 59% of the world's cement, 56% of its nickel and half of its coal, copper and steel. The Chinese make up only 19% of the world's population and its economy accounts for only 15% of the world's GDP.
China's demand is strong for other commodities as well. It consumes 47% of the world's pork and aluminum, 33% of its cotton, 31% of its rice, 27% of its gold and 23% of its corn. Demand for oil, however is relatively low. China accounts for just 14% of the world's oil consumption. The data for this chart was compiled by Visual Capitalist from various economic sources.
100% Stacked Bar Chart
How I Created the 100% Stacked Bar Chart
Visual Capitalist displayed the data as a series of donut charts. They had charts for each commodity and also for population and GDP. I thought that a single 100% stacked bar chart would show the relative size of China's demand better. the chart is ordered from highest proportion of demand to lowest. I used horizontal lines for population and GDP. They serve as benchmarks for the demand of each commodity.
Here are the steps I took to create the chart:
- copied the data from a table on the Visual Capitalist web page into the Mekko Graphics Data Editor
- removed the columns that were not needed
- created a column, using a formula, for rest of world demand
- added ya axis title and removed rest of y axis
- adjusted chart margins to provide room on right for horizontal line titles
- added legend and showed at bottom of chart
- showed percentages in segment labels and removed for rest of world series
- adjusted colors for segments and lines
- reduced bar gaps to move bars closer together
Take This Chart and Make It Your Own
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