<< Click to Display Table of Contents >> Definition of R2 

R2 is a measure of goodnessoffit. The value r2 is a fraction between 0.0 and 1.0. An r2 value of 0.0 means that knowing X does not help you predict Y. There is no linear relationship between X and Y, and the bestfit line is a horizontal line going through the mean of all Y values. When r2 equals 1.0, all points lie exactly on a straight line with no scatter. Knowing X lets you predict Y perfectly.