Definition of R2

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Definition of R2

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R2 is a measure of goodness-of-fit. The value r2 is a fraction between 0.0 and 1.0. An r2 value of 0.0 means that knowing X does not help you predict Y. There is no linear relationship between X and Y, and the best-fit line is a horizontal line going through the mean of all Y values.  When r2 equals 1.0, all points lie exactly on a straight line with no scatter. Knowing X lets you predict Y perfectly.